Guerrino Tramonti (English version)

Guerrino Tramonti was born in Faenza, on 30th June 1915. He was a ceramist, a painter and a sculptor. During the 20s, he attended the Regia Scuola di Ceramica in Faenza, a very important ceramic school, where he learned how to use the colors from his schoolmaster Anselmo Bucci. Another important milestone in the learning and evolution process of Tramonti as an artist was also represented by sculptor and teacher Domenico Rambelli.

Right after his studies, Tramonti takes his research out of the academical schemes, following his independent personality and also taking on sculpture and painting. He begins confronting himself with artists like Filippo De Pisis, met during his Venetian period between 1944 and 1947, whose influence becomes visible in Tramonti's first postwar paintings (first period), both in landscapes and still lives, with a strong metaphysical imprint. During the 50s, Tramonti's production reached a personal expressive autonomy, often based on mathematical experimentation and always surrounded by caustic irony. His paintings often remind his ceramic creations: similar colors and materials, similar subjects like women, cats, fruit, vases, spheres and other geometrical round shapes. Tramonti's personal techniques revealed a decade in advance what would have become a stylistic pattern of extreme refinement.

The first artistic period of Guerrino Tramonti, during the years 30s and 40s, is characterized by his all-round works influenced by Arturo Martini and the archaeology reprise, like for example the Cantilena bronze (1940-44) and some sculptures in polished and painted terracotta realized between 1939 and 1940. During the second period, his attention moves towards lucid coatings and the creation of majolicas covered in thick layers of polish, with primitive decorations, following the example of master Guido Gambone, considered by Tramonti the best ceramist of the postwar time. The third phase is linked to the sperimentation begun within the Art School Francesco Antonio Grue di Castelli, at the beginning of the 50s, with a new depiction on the line from the iconographies of Neo-Cubism, abstract art, post metaphysical art and primitivism, adopted in order to delineate clear and poetic images. In 1953, Tramonti invents the technique of invetriatura>a special technique consisting of creating a layer of vitreous covering on clay, in order to convey a very unique effect), which characterizes his most original works, and thanks to which he won the Faenza Prize in 1955 (ex-aequo with Carlo Negri). The prizes and recognitions won by Tramonti have been many during the years of his carreer, like the Rimini prize in 1931, when he was only 16 years old, and the Concorso Rubicone in 1932. In 1938 he won the first prize in the National Ceramic Contest in Faenza, where his works is described as concise and true.

In 1956 the Roman editor De Luca publishes a monography about Tramonti, with a preface written by Leonardo Sinisgalli, part of the series “Artists of today”. In 1953 he becomes director of the Art School for Ceramics in Castelli d'Abruzzo, then of the Art School in Cagli, then again in 1959 of the National Art School in Forlì, until the end of the 60s. Tramonti had a furnace working from 1948 to 1968, conciliating his artistic production and teaching. In the 70s, thinking he could not explore beyond what he had already did, he abandoned ceramic and devoted himself to painting, creating a unique style, in between cubism and surrealism. Painting allowed him to create in peace, without having to confront himself with those short-sighted politicians who had always ignored him and opposed. He came back to ceramics only 20 years later, revisiting some of the stages of his expressive travel. Tramonti died in Faenza, the 17th october 1992; today his works are displayed and safeguarded all around the world, from New York to Oslo, from Paris to Tokyo. Guerrino Tramonti Foundation has seen the light in 2010, with the aim of valuing the museum-house that the artist built himself, containing almost 390 of his works.

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